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洗涤说明图标大全

发布时间:2021-09-02 23:03     来源:d17
><span style="font-size:14px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;逛街买衣服买鞋子买化妆品,是所有女孩的一大爱好。买衣服的时候,我们除了要看衣服的颜色款式,还要注意衣服的标签。很多人洗衣服的时候不看洗涤说明,不管什么材质的衣服都按照自己平时的洗涤方法去洗,一件上千上万的羊毛衫丢一次洗衣机基本上就没法穿了,事后才后悔莫及。有些人喜欢到国外购物,买回来的衣服标签都是英文的看不懂,今天就给大家整理了衣服的洗涤说明图标大全,以后不懂的就搜出来看一看吧。</span><br /> <p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="line-height:1.5;"></span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="line-height:1.5;"><br /> </span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="line-height:1.5;"><img src="http://img.dyq.cn/group1/M01/22/3E/wKgAK1glOtSIG8c8AABPENBkiAwAAA-DwHZmxsAAE8o029.jpg" alt="洗涤说明图标大全" width="350" height="263" title="洗涤说明图标大全" align="" /><br /> </span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="line-height:1.5;"><br /> </span> </p> <strong><span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>洗涤说明图标大全</span></strong><br /> <p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="line-height:1.5;"></span><img src="http://img.dyq.cn/group1/M01/22/3E/wKgAKVglOSaIHxxxAAB2FfVCeTQAAA-DwD1pisAAHYt264.jpg" alt="洗涤说明图标大全" width="450" height="275" title="洗涤说明图标大全" align="" /> </p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <img src="http://img.dyq.cn/group1/M01/22/3E/wKgAK1glOTGIbU_yAAG3XuRoMWkAAA-DwD7qMQAAbd2593.jpg" alt="洗涤说明图标大全" width="450" height="827" title="洗涤说明图标大全" align="" /> </p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <br /> </p> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>二、其他文字标识</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>可用家庭式洗涤 Home Launder</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>手洗 Hand Wash</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>手洗不可搓压 Hand Wash do not Rub</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>冷水洗 Cold Wash</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>温水洗 Warm Wash</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>热水洗 Hot Wash</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可水煮 Do not Boil</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>少洗衣量 Small Load</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>温和洗衣程序 Delicate/Gentle Cycle</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>持久压力程序 Durable Press Cycle /Permanent</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>分开洗涤 Wash Separately</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>可与类似色衣物同时洗涤 With Like Color</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>与深色衣物分开洗涤 Wash Dark Color Separetely</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>翻出底面洗涤 Wash Inside Out</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可拧干 No Wring/ Do not Wring</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可拧绞 No Twist/ Do not Twist</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>温水清洗 Warm Rinse</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>冷水清洗 Cold Rinse</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>彻底清洗 Rinse Thoroughly</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可脱水 No Spin/ Do not Spin</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>普通旋转速度脱水 Normal Spin</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>较短较慢程序脱水 Reduced Spin</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可浸泡 Do not Soak</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>只可用皂片 Use Pure Soap Flake only</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>只可抹洗或擦洗 Damp Wipe only</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>三、漂白</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>漂白 Bleaching</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>需要时漂白 Bleaching when Needed</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可漂白 No bleach / Do not Bleach</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>只可用非氯性漂白剂 only Non-Chlorine Bleach</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>四、干衣</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>干衣 Drying</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>滴干 Drip Dry</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>挂干 Line Dry</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>荫凉挂干 Line Dry in Shade</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>避热挂干 Line Dry away from Heat</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>用烘干机烘干 Tumble Dry</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>用烘干机中温烘干 Tumble Warm</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>用烘干机低温烘干 Tumble Cool</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>平铺晒干 Flat Dry</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>定位干衣 Block to Dry</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>用蒸汽烘干 Steam Dry</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不用蒸汽 No Steam / Do not Steam</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>风柜吹干 Cabinet Dry Cool</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>五、熨烫</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>熨烫 Ironing and Pressing</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>热烫 Hot Iron</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>温烫 Warm Iron</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>低温烫 Cold Iron</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>不可熨 Do not Iron</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>反面熨 Iron on Wrong Side</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>用蒸汽熨烫 Steam Press/Iron</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>在湿润时熨烫 Iron Damp</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>用布间隔熨烫 Use Press Cloth</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>外包装 bale</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>箱 carton</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>件 package</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>色号 colour number</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>花号 design number</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>批号 lot number</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>唛头 marks</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>装箱单 packing list</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>漏验 omisson of examination</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>漏验率 percentage of omisson of examination</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>复验 re-inspection</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>索赔 claim indemnity</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>毛重 gross weight</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>净重 net weight</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>外观质量 appearance quality</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>内在质量 inherent quality</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>外观疵点 appearance</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>技术要求 technical requirement</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>感观检验 subjective inspection</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>取样 samoling</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>品质检验单 inspection certificate for quality</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>检验证书 inspection certificate</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>织物重量 fabric weight</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>断裂强力 breaking strength</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>断裂强度 breaking tenacity</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>缝纫强力 seam strength</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>染色牢度 colour fasteness</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>耐日晒色牢度 colour fasteness to sunlight</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>耐磨擦色牢度 colour fasteness to rubbing</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>汁渍色牢度 colour fasteness to perspiration</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>耐熨烫色牢度 colour fasteness to ironing</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>耐干洗色牢度 colour fasteness to dry cleaning</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>灰色样卡 grey scale</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>沾色样卡 grey scale for staining</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>纤维含量 fibre content</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>释放甲醛含量 releasable for maldehyde content</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>防蛀性 insect resistance</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>防污性 soil resistance</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>防雨性 rain proofness</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>织物厚度 fabric thickness</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>透气性 air permeability</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>色差 chromatic difference</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>六、常见的洗水方法</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>1、普洗(GARMENT WASH)普洗即普通洗涤,只不过将我们平日</span><span style="font-size:14px;">所熟悉的洗涤改为机械化而已,其水温在60°-90°C 左右,加一</span><span style="font-size:14px;">定的洗涤剂,经过15分钟的左右普通洗涤后,过清水加柔软剂即</span><span style="font-size:14px;">可,使织物更柔软、舒适,在视觉上更自然更干净。通常根据洗</span><span style="font-size:14px;">涤时间的长短和化学药品的用量多少,普洗又可以分为轻普洗</span><span style="font-size:14px;">、普洗、重普洗。通常轻普洗为5分钟左右,普洗为15分钟左右,</span><span style="font-size:14px;">重普洗为30分钟左右,(这个时间是不精确),这三种洗法没有明</span><span style="font-size:14px;">显的界限。</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>2、石洗 / 石磨(STONE WASH)石洗即在洗水中加入一定大小</span><span style="font-size:14px;">的浮石,使浮石与衣服打磨,打磨缸内的水位以衣物完全浸透</span><span style="font-size:14px;">的低水位进行,以使得浮石能很好地与衣物接触。在石磨前可进</span><span style="font-size:14px;">行普洗或漂洗,也可在石磨后进行漂洗。根据客户的不同要求,</span><span style="font-size:14px;">可以采用黄石、白石、AAA石、人造石、胶球等进行洗涤,以达</span><span style="font-size:14px;">到不同的洗水效果,洗后布面呈现灰蒙、陈旧的感觉,衣物有</span><span style="font-size:14px;">轻微至重度破损。</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>3、酵素洗(ENZYME WASH)酵素是一种纤维素酶,它可以在一</span><span style="font-size:14px;">定PH值和温度下,对纤维结构产生降解作用,使布面可以较温</span><span style="font-size:14px;">和地褪色,褪毛(产生“桃皮”效果),并得到持久的柔软效</span><span style="font-size:14px;">果。可以石头并用或代替石头,若与石头并用,通常称为酵素</span><span style="font-size:14px;">石洗(ENZYME STONE WASH)。</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>4、砂洗(SAND WASH)砂洗多用一些碱性,氧化性助剂,使衣</span><span style="font-size:14px;">物洗后有一定褪色效果及陈旧感,若配以石磨,洗后布料表面</span><span style="font-size:14px;">会产生一层柔和霜白的绒毛,再加入一些柔软剂,可使洗后织</span><span style="font-size:14px;">物松软、柔和,从而提高穿着的舒适性。</span><br /> <br /> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>(1)砂洗用剂</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>a) 膨化剂: 根据纤维的类别,织物的组织结构和</span><span style="font-size:14px;">紧密程度而选定膨化剂和浓度,温度、时间等膨化条件,纯棉衣</span><span style="font-size:14px;">物砂洗时可以采用碱性膨化剂如纯碱来加以膨化处理。</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>b) 砂洗</span><span style="font-size:14px;">剂: 衣物经膨化后,纤维疏松,再籍助于特殊的砂洗进行摩擦,使</span><span style="font-size:14px;">疏松的表面纤维产生丰满柔和的茸毛,欲使绒面丰满,必须选用</span><span style="font-size:14px;">不同形态,不同硬度的砂粉,如可选用菱形砂(使松散的纤维产生</span><span style="font-size:14px;">绒毛),多角形砂(使绒挺立),圆形砂(使绒毛丰满)。</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>c) 柔软剂:</span><span style="font-size:14px;">用于砂洗的柔软剂。要求达到柔软带糯性,使织物能增重,悬垂</span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:1.5;">性要明显改善。因此这类柔软剂碳链要长,且具有阳离子性,能</span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:1.5;">在织物上吸附,达到增重的目的。</span> </p> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>(2)砂洗设备目前一般采用于工业洗水机进行膨化,砂洗和柔</span><span style="font-size:14px;">软处理,用离心泵脱水机脱水,干烘采用针织厂烘干鹅绒的转筒</span><span style="font-size:14px;">烘干机。</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>(3)砂洗工艺棉布衣物可根据组织结构,经纬密度和纱支的粗</span><span style="font-size:14px;">细、捻度的强弱来决定膨化剂的类别、用量、温度和时间、以</span><span style="font-size:14px;">及砂洗粉、柔软剂的用量和处理温度、时间,一般来说,选择纱</span><span style="font-size:14px;">织物砂洗效果优于线织物,粗支纱优于高支纱,低捻度优于高捻</span><span style="font-size:14px;">度,浮点长的优于浮点短的产品。</span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:14px;"> <span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>5、化学洗(CHEMICAL WASH)化学洗主要是通过使用强碱助剂</span><span style="font-size:14px;">(NaOH,NaSiO3等)来达到褪色的目的,洗后衣物有较为明显</span><span style="font-size:14px;">的陈旧感,再加入柔软剂,衣物会有柔软、丰满的效果。如果</span><span style="font-size:14px;">在化学洗中加入石头,则称为化石洗(CHEMICAL STONE WASH</span><span style="font-size:14px;">),可以增强褪色及磨损效果,从而使衣物有较强的残旧感,</span><span style="font-size:14px;">化石洗集化学洗及石洗效果集于一身,洗后可以达到一种仿旧</span><span style="font-size:14px;">和起毛的效果。</span><br /> <br /> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;"><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:21px;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</span>6、漂洗(BLEACH WASH)为使衣物有洁白或鲜艳的外观和柔软</span><span style="font-size:14px;">的手感,需对衣物进行漂洗,即在普通洗涤过清水后,加温到60°</span><span style="font-size:14px;">C,根据漂白颜色的深浅,加适量的漂白剂 (bleaching</span><span style="font-size:14px;">agent),7-10 分钟时间内使颜色对板一致。操作时,加漂剂的</span><span style="font-size:14px;">方向应与转缸的转向一致,以免漂白剂因不能尽快的与水稀释而</span><span style="font-size:14px;">直接落在衣物上,出现局部漂白。漂白前,缸内水位要稍高,以便</span><span style="font-size:14px;">漂水稀释。衣物漂白对板后,即以大(小)苏打( Na2CO3,</span><span style="font-size:14px;">NaHCO3)对水中的残余漂白水进行中和,使漂白完全停止。待过</span><span style="font-size:14px;">清水后,在50°C水温中加洗涤剂,荧光增白剂,双氧水等作最后</span><span style="font-size:14px;">的洗涤,中和PH值,荧光增白等,最后进行柔软处理即可。漂洗可</span><span style="font-size:14px;">分为氧漂和氯漂。氧漂是利用双氧水在一定PH值及温度下的氧</span><span style="font-size:14px;">化作用来破坏染料结构,从而达到褪色,增白的目的,一般漂</span><span style="font-size:14px;">布面会略微泛红。氯漂是利用次氯酸钠的氧化作用来破坏染料</span><span style="font-size:14px;">结构,从而达到褪色的目的。氯漂的褪色效果粗犷,多用于靛</span><span style="font-size:14px;">兰牛仔布的漂洗。漂白对板后,应以海波对水中及衣物残余氯</span><span style="font-size:14px;">进行中和,使漂白停止,漂白后再进行石磨,则称为石漂洗。</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;"><br /> </span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="font-size:14px;"><img src="http://img.dyq.cn/group1/M01/22/3E/wKgAKVglOhaIWFbBAABwcdvgT8IAAA-DwF2DhMAAHCJ536.jpg" alt="洗涤说明图标大全" width="350" height="233" title="洗涤说明图标大全" align="" /><br /> </span> </p>

 
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